Publications

To download manuscripts click on the corresponding link.

* denotes a student author working under my supervision.

Journal Articles

Heine, S. J., Dar-Nimrod, I., *Cheung, B. Y., & Proulx, T. (in press). Essentially biased: Why people are fatalistic about genes. In J. Olson (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 55. Full Text

*Randles, D., Heine, S. J., Poulin, M., & Cohen-Silver, R. (in press). Experienced adversity in life is associated with polarized and affirmed political attitudes. Social Psychological and Peronality Science.Full Text

*Randles, D., *Kam, J., Heine, S. J., Inzlicht, M., & Handy, T. (2016). Acetaminophen attenuates error evaluation in cortex. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11, 899-906. Full Text

*Rutjens, B. T., & Heine, S. J. (2016). The immoral landscape? Scientists are associated with violations of morality. PLoS ONE, 11(4), e0152798. Full Text

*Cheung, B. Y., & Heine, S. J. (2015). The double-edged sword of genetic accounts of criminality: Causal attributions from genetic ascriptions affect legal decision-making. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41, 1723-1738. Full Text

*Randles, D., Inzlicht, M., Proulx, T., Tullett., A., & Heine, S. J. (2015). Is dissonance reduction a special case of fluid compensation? Evidence that dissonant cognitions cause compensatory affirmation and abstraction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108, 697-710. Full Text

*Chudek, M., *Cheung, B. Y., & Heine, S. J. (2015). US Immigrants’ Patterns of Acculturation are Sensitive to Their Age, Language, and Cultural Contact but Show No Evidence of a Sensitive Window for Acculturation. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 15(1-2), 174-190. Full Text

Falk, C. F., & Heine, S. J. (2015). What is implicit self-esteem, and does it vary across cultures?Personality and Social Psychological Review, 19, 177-198. Full Text

*Falk, C. F., Heine, S. J., Takemura, K., Zhang, C. X., & Hsu, C. W. (2015). Are Implicit Self-Esteem Measures Valid for Assessing Individual and Cultural Differences?. Journal of personality, 83(1), 56-68. Full Text

Dar-Nimrod, I., *Cheung, B. Y., *Ruby, M. B., & Heine, S. J. (2014). Can merely learning about obesity genes lead to weight gain? Appetite, 81, 269-276. Full Text

*Falk, C. F., Heine, S. J., & Takemura, K. (2014). Cultural variation in the minimal group effect. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45, 265-281. Full Text

*Randles, D., Heine, S. J., & *Santos, N. (2013). The common pain of surrealism and death: Acetaminophen reduces compensatory affirmation following meaning threats. Psychological Science, 24, 966-973. Full Text

*Ruby, M. B., Heine, S. J., Kamble, S., *Cheng, T.K., & Waddar, M. (2013). Compassion and contamination: Cultural differences in vegetarianism. Appetite, 71, 340-348. Full Text

*Ruby, M. B., *Falk, C. F., Heine, S. J., Villa, C., & *Silberstein, O. (2012). Not all collectivisms are equal: Opposing preferences for ideal affect between East Asians and Mexicans. Emotion, 12, 1206-1209. Full Text

*Gould, W. A., & Heine, S. J. (2012). Implicit essentialism: Genetic concepts are implicitly associated with fate concepts. PLoS ONE, 7, e38176. Full Text

*Ruby, M. B., & Heine, S. J. (2012). Too close to home: Factors predicting meat avoidance. Appetite, 59,47-52.Full Text

*Cheung, B. Y., *Chudek, M., & Heine, S. J. (2011). Evidence for a sensitive window for acculturation. Younger immigrants report acculturating at a faster rate. Psychological Science, 22, 147-152. Full Text

*Dar-Nimrod, I., & Heine, S. J. (2011). Genetic essentialism: On the deceptive determinism of DNA. Psychological Bulletin, 137, 800-818. Full Text

*Dar-Nimrod, I., & Heine, S. J. (2011). Some thoughts on essence placeholders, interactionism, and heritability: Reply to Haslam (2011) and Turkheimer (2011). Psychological Bulletin, 137, 829-833.Full Text

*Dar-Nimrod, I., Heine, S. J., *Cheung, B. Y., & Schaller, M. (2011). Do scientific theories affect men’s evaluations of sex crimes? Aggressive Behavior, 37, 440-449.Full Text

Heine, S. J. (2011). Evolutionary explanations need to account for cultural variability (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34, 26-27. Full Text

*Randles, D., *Proulx, T., & Heine, S. J. (2011). Turn-frogs and careful sweaters: Subliminal presentations of incongruous word pairings invoke meaninglessness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47,246-249.Full Text

*Ruby, M. B., & Heine, S. J. (2011). Meat, morality, and masculinity. Appetite, 56, 447-450. Full Text

Heine, S. J., & *Ruby, M. B. (2010). Cultural psychology. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 1, 254-266. Full Text

Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). Most people are not WEIRD. Nature, 466, 29. Full Text

Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). The weirdest people in the world? (Target Article, Commentaries, and Response). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 61-83, 111-135. Full text

Maddux, W. W., Yang, H., *Falk, C. F., Adam, H., Adair, W., Endo, Y., Carmon, Z., & Heine, S. J. (2010). For whom is parting with possessions most painful? Cultural differences in the endowment effect. Psychological Science, 21, 1910-1917. Full Text

*Proulx, T., & Heine, S. J.(2010). The frog in Kierkegaard’s beer: Finding meaning in the threat-compensation literature. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4, 889-905. Full Text

*Proulx, T., Heine, S. J., & Vohs, K. D. (2010). When is the unfamiliar the uncanny? Meaning affirmative after exposure to absurdist literature, humor, and art. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36,817-829. Full Text

*Falk, C. F., Heine, S. J., Yuki, M., & Takemura, K. (2009). Why do Westerners self-enhance more than East Asians? European Journal of Personality, 23, 183-209. Full text

*Hamamura, T., *Meijer, Z., Heine, S. J., *Kamaya, K., &* Hori, I. (2009). Approach-avoidance motivations and information processing: A cross-cultural analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 454-462. Full Text

Heine, S. J. , & *Buchtel, E. E. (2009). Personality: The universal and culturally specific. Annual Review of Psychology,60, 369-394 . Full Text

Heine, S. J., *Foster, J. A., & *Spina, R. (2009). Do birds of a feather universally flock together? Cultural variation in the similarity-attraction effect. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 12, 247-258. Full text

Heine, S. J. , & Raineri, A. (2009). Self-improving motivations and culture: The case of Chileans. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 158-163. Full Text

*Proulx, T., & Heine, S. J. (2009). Connections from Kafka: Exposure to schema threats improves implicit learning of an artificial grammar. Psychological Science, 20, 1125-1131. Full text

*Hamamura, T., Heine, S. J., & Paulhus, D. L. (2008). Cultural differences in response styles: The role of dialectical thinking. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 932-942. Full Text

Heine, S. J. , *Buchtel, E., & Norenzayan, A. (2008). What do cross-national comparisons of self-reported personality traits tell us? The case of conscientiousness. Psychological Science, 19, 309-313. Full Text

Heine, S. J., Takemoto, T., *Moskalenko, S., *Lasaleta, J., & Henrich, J. (2008). Mirrors in the head: Cultural variation in objective self-awareness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 879-887.Full Text

*Ryder, A. G., Yang, J., Zhu, X., Yao, S., Yi, J., Heine, S. J., & Bagby, R. M. (2008). Culture and depression: Are there differences in Chinese and North American symptom presentation? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117,300-313. Full Text

*Proulx, T., & Heine, S. J. (2008). The case of the transmogrifying experimenter: Reaffirmation of moral schemas following implicit change detection. Psychological Science, 19, 1294-1300. Full Text

*Hamamura, T., Heine, S. J., & Takemoto, T. (2007). Why the Better-than-Average Effect is a worse-than-average measure of self-enhancement. An investigation of conflicting findings from studies of East Asian self-evaluations. Motivation and Emotion, 31, 247-259. Full Text

Heine, S. J. , Kitayama, S., & *Hamamura, T. (2007). Which studies test the question of pancultural self-enhancement? A reply to Sedikides, Gaertner, & Vevea, in press. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 198-200. Full Text Watch Debate at SESP Conference

Heine, S.J., Kitayama, S., & *Hamamura, T. (2007). The inclusion of additional studies yields different conclusions: A reply to Sedikides, Gaertner, & Vevea (2005), JPSP. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 49-58 . Full text Watch Debate at SESP Conference

Heine, S.J., & *Hamamura, T. (2007). In search of East Asian self-enhancement. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 1-24 . Full text

*Dar-Nimrod, I., & Heine, S.J. (2006). Exposure to scientific theories affect women’s math performance. Science, 314, 435.Full Text Experimental materials Data for Study 1 Data from Study 2

*Proulx, T., & Heine, S.J. (2006). Death and black diamonds: Meaning, mortality, and the meaning maintenance model. Psychological Inquiry, 17, 309-318. Full text

Heine, S.J., & Norenzayan, A. (2006). Towards a psychological science for a cultural species. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 251-269. Full text

Heine, S. J., *Proulx, T., & Vohs, K. D. (2006). Meaning maintenance model: On the coherence of human motivations. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10, 88-110. Full text

Heine, S. J. (2005). Where is the evidence for pancultural self-enhancement? A reply to Sedikides, Gaertner, & Toguchi. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 531-538. Full text Watch Debate at SESP Conference

Norenzayan, A., & Heine, S. J. (2005). Psychological universals: What are they and how can we know? Psychological Bulletin, 131, 763-784. Full text

Ross, M., Heine, S. J., Wilson, A. E., & Sugimori, S. (2005). Cross-cultural discrepancies in self-appraisals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 1175-1188. Full text

Heine, S. J. (2004). Positive self-views: Understanding universals and variability. Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology, 2, 109-122. Full text

Heine, S. J. (2003). Making sense of East Asian self-enhancement. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 34, 596-602. Full text

Heine, S. J. (2003). Self-enhancement in Japan? A reply to Brown and Kobayashi. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 6, 75-84. Full text

Heine, S. J. (2003). Optimal is as optimal does. Psychological Inquiry, 14, 41-43. Full text

*Moskalenko, S., & Heine, S. J. (2003). Watching your troubles away: Television viewing as a stimulus for subjective self-awareness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 76-85. Full text

Heine, S. J., Lehman, D. R., Peng, K., & Greenholtz, J. (2002). What’s wrong with cross-cultural comparisons of subjective Likert scales: The reference-group problem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 903-918. Full text

Heine, S. J., *Niiya, Y., & *Harihara, M. (2002). Terror management in Japan. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 5, 187-196. Full text

Heine, S. J., & *Renshaw, K. (2002). Interjudge agreement, self-enhancement, and liking: Cross-cultural divergences. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 442-451. Full text

Heine, S. J. (2001). Self as a product of culture: An examination of East Asian and North American selves. Journal of Personality, 69, 881-906. Full text

Heine, S. J., Kitayama, S., & Lehman, D. R. (2001). Cultural differences in self-evaluation: Japanese readily accept negative self-relevant information. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 434 – 443. Full text

Heine, S. J., Kitayama, S., Lehman, D. R., Takata, T., *Ide, E., *Leung, C., & Matsumoto, H. (2001). Divergent consesequences of success and failure in Japan and North America. An investigation of self-improving motivations and malleable selves. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 599-615. Full text

Endo, Y., Heine, S. J., & Lehman, D. R. (2000). Culture and positive illusions in close relationships: How my relationships are better than yours. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 1571-1586. Full text

Heine, S. J., Takata, T., & Lehman, D. R. (2000). Beyond self-presentation: Evidence for Japanese self-criticism.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 71-78. Full text

Heine, S. J., & Lehman, D. R. (1999). Culture, self-discrepancies, and self-satisfaction. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 915-925. Full text

Heine, S. J., Lehman, D. R., Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1999). Is there a universal need for positive self-regard? Psychological Review, 106, 766-794. Full text

*Mandel, N., & Heine, S. J. (1999). Terror management and marketing: He who dies with the most toys wins. Association for Consumer Research Proceedings, 26, 527-532.Full text

Heine, S. J., & Lehman, D. R. (1997). The cultural construction of self-enhancement. An investigation of group-serving biases. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 1268-1283. Full text

Heine, S. J., & Lehman, D. R. (1997). Culture, dissonance, and self-affirmation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 389-400.Full text

Campbell, J. D., Trapnell, P., Heine, S. J., Katz, I. M., Lavallee, L. F. & Lehman, D. R. (1996). Self-concept clarity: Measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 141-156. Full text

Heine, S. J., & Lehman, D. R. (1996). Hindsight bias: A cross-cultural analysis. Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 35, 317-323. Full text

Heine, S. J., & Lehman, D. R. (1995). Cultural variation in unrealistic optimism: Does the West feel more invulnerable than the East? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 595-607. Full text

Heine, S. J., & Lehman, D. R. (1995). Social desirability among Canadian and Japanese students. Journal of Social Psychology, 135, 777-779. Full text

Books

Heine, S. J. (2017). DNA is Not Destiny: The Remarkable, Completely Misunderstood Relationship between You and Your Genes. New York: Norton.

Heine, S.J. (2008, 2012, 2016). Cultural Psychology: First, Second, and Third Edition. New York: Norton.

third edition

Gazzaniga, M.S., Heatherton, T.F.,Halpern, D., & Heine, S.J. (2007, 2010). Psychological Science: Second and Third Canadian Edition. New York: Norton.

Schaller, M., Norenzayan, A., Heine, S. J., Kameda, T., & Yamagishi, T. (Eds.). (2009). Evolution, culture, and the human mind. New York: Erlbaum.

Book Chapters

Heine, S. J. (2010). Cultural psychology. In R. F. Baumeister & E. Finkel (Eds.), Advanced Social Psychology (pp. 655-696). New York: Oxford University Press.Full text

Heine, S. J. (2010). Cultural psychology. In D. T. Gilbert, S. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of Social Psychology (5th Edition), (pp. 1423-1464). New York: Wiley. Full Text

Norenzayan, A., Schaller, M., & Heine, S. J. (2009). Introduction. In Schaller, M., Norenzayan, A., Heine, S. J., Kameda, T., & Yamagishi, T. (Eds.). Evolution, Culture, and the Human Mind. New York: Erlbaum.

*Hamamura, T., & Heine, S. J . (2008). Approach and avoidance motivations across cultures. In A. J. Elliot (Ed.), Handbook of approach and avoidance motivations (pp. 557-570). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Full text

*Hamamura, T., & Heine, S.J. (2008). Self-enhancement, self-improvement, and face among Japanese. In E. C. Chang (Ed.), Self-Criticism and Self-Enhancement: Theory, Research, and Clinical Implications, (pp. 105-122). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Full text

*Buchtel, E. E. & Heine, S. J. (2007). Cultural Psychology. In Encyclopedia of Law and Society: American and Global Perspectives (Section IX) (pp. 363-367) . Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Full text

Heine, S. J. (2007). Culture and motivation. In S. Kitayama & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of Cultural Psychology (pp. 714-733). New York: Guilford. Full text

Norenzayan, A., Schaller, M., & Heine, S.J. (2006). Evolution and culture. In M. Schaller, J.A. Simpson, & D.T. Kenrick, (Eds.), Evolution and Social Psychology (pp. 343-366). New York: Psychology Press. Full text

Heine, S. J. (2005). Constructing good selves in Japan and North America. In R. M. Sorrentino, D. Cohen, J. M. Olson, and M. P. Zanna (Eds.), Culture and Social Behavior: The Tenth Ontario Symposium (pp. 115-143). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Full text

Heine, S. J., & Lehman, D. R. (2004). Move the body, change the self: Acculturative effects on the self-concept. In M. Schaller & C. Crandall (Eds.), Psychological Foundations of Culture (pp. 305-331). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Full text

Heine, S. J. (2003). An exploration of cultural variation in self-enhancing and self-improving motivations. In V. Murphy-Berman & J. J. Berman (Eds.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 49. Cross-cultural differences in perspectives on the self (pp. 101-128). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Full text

*Ryder, A. G., Yang, J., & Heine, S. J. (2002). Somatization vs. psychologization of emotional distress: A paradigmatic example for cultural psychopathology. In W. J. Lonner, D. L. Dinnel, S. A. Hayes, & D. N. Sattler (Eds.), Online Readings in Psychology and Culture (Unit 9, Chapter 3), (http://www.wwu.edu/~culture), Center for Cross-Cultural Research, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA. Full text

Other Papers

Op-Ed piece, “Genetic research and human behavior.” Full text

Boston Gobe, International Herald Tribune, November 3, 2006,

Philadelphia Inquirer, November 5, 2006

Academic Theses

Heine, S. J. (1996). Culture and the need for positive self-regard: The Japanese case. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. The University of British Columbia. Full text

Heine, S. J. (1993). Cultural variation in unrealistic optimism. Unpublished Master’s thesis. The University of British Columbia. Full text